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Bharatpur

Top Attractions

Bharatpur

Keoladeo National Park:

The bird sanctuary at Bharatpur is a hotspot for ornithologists and bird lovers. It was considered to be the finest duck hunting resort in the British Empire. Keoladeo National Park was declared a bird reserve in the year 1956 and was later upgraded to National Park status. UNESCO lists the region as a world heritage site. The geographical placement is perfect as it happens to be on the main North-South avian pathway of India. At only 29 sq. km, the park is quite limited in size but houses over 375 different species of birds and over 132 of them breed inside the sanctuary. New bird species are added to the list almost every year.

 

Keoladeo National Park attracts avian wildlife not only from India but also from far-off countries such as China, Siberia, Europe and Tibet. Before the advent of the monsoon season, hundreds of exotic birds roost and build nests on the kadam and babool trees spread throughout the park. The trees are filled with their nests and tourists can get a glimpse of a tree housing of more than fifty nests belonging to various bird species taking care of their loved ones.

 

The animal population of the region is also worth mentioning, consisting mainly of sambhars, black bucks, nilgais and spotted deer. Visitors can avail the services of the Electra Van of the Forest Department, even though the ideal way to explore the Keoladeo Bird Sanctuary is either on bicycles which are available for hire or on foot. Cycle rickshaws are also common here.

 

Bharatpur Palace:

The palace at Bharatpur is a harmonious combination of Rajput and Mughal architecture, constructed in different phases by various rulers. The grand apartments are magnificently adorned with patterned floor tiles with intricate designs. The museum is housed in the main central wing, exhibiting collections which date back to the 2nd century AD and reflect the skill and art of the area.

 

Iron Fort:

Popularly known as the Lohagarh Fort, the Iron Fort at Bharatpur has withstood not only the test of time but has also survived several assaults by the British, frustrating them to no end. It resisted the British onslaught four times and after a long-drawn battle, they had to fall back. The Lohagarh Fort is different from other forts in the area since there is no trace of flamboyance connected to the fort. The structure radiates an aura of strength and grandeur.

 

The moat, surrounding the Iron Fort, was filled previously with water in order to ward off the attacks by enemies. The stony ramparts were reinforced by sandy battlements and thus the guns of the enemy did not do any damage. A few interesting monuments within the premises of the fort are Khas Mahal, Kishori Mahal and Khas Kothi. Moti Mahal and the towers, including the Fateh Burj and Jawahar Burj were erected to honour the victory over the Mughals and the English Empire. The gateway is decorated with paintings of mighty elephants.

 

Bharatpur Museum:

The Bharatpur Government Museum is housed within the historic Iron Fort, located at a distance of almost 4 km from the major railway station and bus stand. Objects such as sculptures were collected from different places throughout the region in the year 1939 and were displayed initially in the Public Library under the royal patronage of H.H. Maharaja Sawai Brijendra Singh. The artifacts were shifted to the current Kachahri Kalan building in 1944 AD. The museum officially opened its doors to the public in 1944. In later times, the Kamara Khas building was added to the museum. It houses rare and renowned collections of coins, inscriptions, sculptures, arms and weapons as well as decorative objects of art. More than 4000 antiquities are housed within the museum. The museum building itself is quite magnificent.

Time to Visit: 09:45 hrs to 17:15 hrs (except Monday)

 

Deeg:

The scenic garden city of Deeg is located on the northern side of Bharatpur. The infrastructure of the town gardens exhibit great precision and care. The royal palaces and dancing fountains enhance the beauty of this idyllic retreat meant for the princes of the city of Bharatpur. Visitors are likely to enjoy the picturesque settings of this agricultural location, as well as the well-maintained gardens and pavilions. Several interesting structures can be observed in the town. The Gopal Bhavan was built in the year 1760 with an intricately designed building complex and perfectly laid gardens at the entrance. The rear of the building overlooks the Gopal Sagar.

 

The banquet hall houses a rich collection of souvenirs, curios and Victorian furniture. The Bengal Chamber boasts of a dining room with sloping arches and the royal Chess Room. The marble Suraj Bhavan has airy balconies overlooking the water. Nand Bhavan is a great audience hall. The Purana Mahal is the oldest palace with a collection of exquisite Mughal and Rajput paintings. The Deeg Fort was built by Raja Suraj Mal and stands proudly over an elevated point.